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Section 3

“RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND AGRICULTURAL POLICIES”

1. Cristian George POPESCU „The analysis of the lifestyle-related risk factors with an impact on human health in Romania”
2. Violeta STANCIU (CHIRILOAIE) „General overview over the third sector in Romania today”
3. Lorena Florentina CHIŢEA „Demographic, social and economic implications of rural population aging”
4. Corina - Georgeta DINCULESCU „The influence of education on rural population employment - regional disparities”
5. Mihai Alexandru CHIŢEA „Territorial competitiveness in the development region South-East. Case Study: Buzău County”
6. Violeta STANCIU (CHIRILOAIE)  „Defining the rural area in Romania – Legislative approaches”
7. Sorinel Ionel BUCUR, Elena Carmen BUCUR  „Rural area of the region south-Muntenia – evolutions and gaps of the socio-economic indicators. Case study: Arges, Dambovita and Prahova counties”
8. Elena SIMA  „Development and promotion of rural tourism through European funds in Romania”
9. Lucian TANASĂ, Codrin DINU VASILIU, Ioan Sebastian BRUMĂ, Sebastian DOBOȘ  „Short food supply chains as a meachanism for sustainable development.case study - Târgu-Neamț touristic area”
10. Elisabeta ROŞU  „Touristic activity in Suceava county”
11. Eugenia-Dorina CIOBANU(RĂDOI), Manea DRĂGHICI „The touristic and agrotouristic potential of Tulcea County – Romania”
12. Eduard Alexandru DUMITRU, Ionuț Laurențiu PETRE  „Analysis of agroturistic sector after first national rural development programme (2007 - 2013)”
13. Daniela Ileana GODJA (DĂNILĂ) „Research on the role of economic and social development agroturism in Romania”
14. Eugenia Dorina CIOBANU (RĂDOI), Petruța Antoneta TUREK-RAHOVEANU  „The importance and evolution of agrotourism in Romania”
15. Daniela Ileana GODJA (DĂNILĂ)  „Analysis of the financial and economic activity agroturism”
16. Alina-Mirela MARCU  „Implementation of the LEADER axis of the rural development programmes 2007-2013 in Moldova”
17. Eugenia-Dorina CIOBANU(RĂDOI), Raluca NECULA  „The tourism and agro-tourism potential analysis in Tulcea County”
18. Alexandra-Marina BRĂTULESCU  „Comparative study between Netherlands and Romania”
19. Diana CREȚU  „Innovation process in agro food distribution”
20. .Raluca NECULA, Mirela STOIAN, Manea DRĂGHICI, Diana NECULA  “The role of the research and development and the number of patents, in the increase of GDP performance in the European Union for the period 2005-2014”
21. Mirela-Adriana RUSALI ”Key policies and socio-economic growth factors of rural areas in the European Union”

POPESCU CRISTIAN GEORGE

posted Dec 28, 2016, 12:52 PM by WEB MASTER

Summary: There's no doubt that the risk factors typical of a certain lifestyle which may have a negative impact on human health are numerous, especially considering that research in health (medicine, pharmacology etc) were focused on their determination, but especially on the cause-effect relationship. On the other hand, it's well known that people run a high economic risk when they don't invest in actions aiming to prevent certain diseases, especially when the disease risk grows. According to specialized studies, about 30% of all modern autoimmune diseases, among which there is cancer, are due to the eating habits. Considering that there are several risk factors, we realize the importance of studying the food factor, especially from the point of view of statistic research regarding food consumption in Romania and it's important to point out the dangers hiding behind these foods. The most important ones are: water and air, refreshments, meat and meat products, sugar, cigarettes and alcohol.

Keywords: lifestyle, risk factors, habitats, pollution, food pollution

VIOLETA STANCIU (CHIRILOAIE)

posted Dec 28, 2016, 12:50 PM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: The present paper aims to present the picture of the Third Sector in Romania, today and the way it relates to Law 219/2015 on the Social Economy. It was analyzed the current legislative text and the specific laws on establishing and functioning of the key organizations concerned. It has been made a documentary on statistical data provided by institutions such as The National Office of the Trade, The National Bank of Romania, the Institute of Social Economy. To analyze the degree of knowledge of the law by the potential beneficiaries and their opinion on the current legislative approach, there were conducted semi-structured interviews and questionnaires were administered by phone and e-mail. Responders were chosen from the representatives of NGOs and cooperative federal bodies. It was found that the Third Sector has experienced a steady development in recent years but not all the organizations listed by law can become or are interested in becoming Social Enterprises. Due to legislative inconsistencies, bureaucracy and the lack of fiscal or financial incentives, the degree of interest in obtaining the status of a social enterprise is currently low. It remains to be seen whether future developments draw attention to Law 219/2015 and to related legislative approaches. But, regardless of this, the return to the basic principles of the social economy in the XIX-th century of which the connection between the economic activity and the social and moral values to be respected and the way to make efficient the own economic activity even without governmental or European financial assistance may have a decisive role for the development of the Social Economy sector in Romania and in Europe in general.

Keywords: Social Economy, Social Enterprise, Community Economy, Cooperative, The Third Sector

JEL Classification: L31, A13, D71

LORENA FLORENTINA CHIŢEA

posted Dec 28, 2016, 12:49 PM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: Romania, like most European countries in recent years, is faced with a worrying demographic phenomenon of population aging with multiple consequences of demographic, social, cultural, economic, political nature etc. The main factors that caused this situation were: declining birth rates, rising life expectancy and external migration; reducing or stopping this population decline must be achieved by improving the combined result of the three mentioned factors. The implications of aging are complex and are felt both at the macroeconomic (influencing economic growth, pension and health care system functionality, investments etc.) and micro economic level (individual level, which must adapt their behavior to the evolution of the economic environment). The present paper aims to surprise the rural population aging phenomena from demographic and social perspective. The working hypothesis is that, as the county shows a more pronounced level of rurality, so its population is aging, less educated, with high employment in agriculture, generating low levels of competitiveness.

Keywords: rural areas, demographic ageing, dependency, employment

CORINA - GEORGETA DINCULESCU

posted Dec 28, 2016, 12:48 PM by WEB MASTER

ABSTRACT: A higher level and continuous education throughout entire life (necessary for adapting to the changes in the labor market) and a better health offer greater chances of sustained economic and social development. Also, a higher education level contributes to decrease the disparities between economic regions of development, due to the influence it has on employment population, in a particular area. The analysis may reveal regional employment disparities, sometimes severe, between development regions, representing a hindrance to economic development of the country, as a whole. The 8 development regions of Romania have certain particularities (features) in terms of employment, which makes some characteristics (demographic, educational etc.) to impart significant influence on employment.This paper aims to highlight the features of the rural area, in terms of population participation in economic activity, and disparities between the development regions, in terms of employment of rural population, respectively the influence that the level of education has on employment, and how it is reflected in the employment rates of rural population (by age groups), but also ranking of the development regions from this point of view.

Keywords: labour force, employment, regional disparities, level of education, rural area.

JEL Classification: J21, J24, I25, O15.

CHIȚEA MIHAI ALEXANDRU

posted Dec 28, 2016, 12:45 PM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: The present paper attempts to evaluate the territorial competitiveness at the level of the development region South-East, of Buzău county respectively, starting from the premise of the identification of the strengths and weaknesses influencing the specific competitiveness of the investigated units. The paper draws on an evaluation model developed for measuring the local competitiveness in Croatia, which was adapted to Romania’s specificities, with regard to the relevance, sources and availability of indicators. The adapted model was used for the evaluation of territorial competitiveness at regional and county level. The working hypothesis was represented by a lower competitiveness level in the case of the county Buzău, compared to that of the South-East region; this situation is mainly determined by the factors relating to the development level of the non-agricultural business sector, of specialization and innovation.

Keywords: territorial, regional competitiveness, evaluation models, indicators

JEL Classification: A13, P47

STANCIU (CHIRILOAIE) VIOLETA

posted Dec 28, 2016, 12:44 PM by WEB MASTER

SUMMARY: This article is an analysis of how the rural area was defined in the Romanian legislation starting with the oldest law in force until last legislative initiatives in the field. The texts of Romanian legal acts were studied comparatively and against the provisions of the European Charter of Rural Areas. It was found that the definition of rural area in Romania was done generally by comparison and even in opposition to urban area. The new European paradigm emphasizes the complementarity of the two areas, different as specificity but equally important. Thus, the European Union’s aim is no longer to transform rural into urban but to preserve and capitalize the specificity of each area in order to increase the living standards of all citizens, to maintain a healthy natural environment and to comply with the principles of sustainable development. National legislation does not seem to keep up with these trends, the biggest risk identified so far being a low rate of absorption of European funds. To avoid blockages, the documents providing the access to finance found, however, solutions for choosing beneficiaries specific to them. However, redefining the Romanian rural area within the national legislation, rigorously and in compliance with current European trends is a necessity for the elaboration of sustainable development policies in the medium and long term.

Keywords: rural environment, urban environment, territorial administration, rural development, urbanization indicators 

JEL Classification: P25, A12, D63

BUCUR SORINEL IONEL, BUCUR ELENA CARMEN

posted Dec 28, 2016, 12:40 PM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: The addressing to rural areas, coupled with the identification of indicators characterizing the degree of resource endowment, derives both from the size of the rural area and also from the share of employment in productive activities of social and cultural services, habitat, etc. Although the problem can be considered just as far as perennial agricultural activity, subject of much discussion and debate, rural development acquires new meanings in the context of the apparent trend of economic globalization. In this regard, it has become urgent the structural adjustment both economically and socially, on the background of higher migration flows from rural to urban areas and the increasing impoverishment of the rural population. From the methodological point of view, the current approach is based on public statistical information, using established statistical methods for processing, such comparisons, structures; mainly the results are presented in tabular form. The support information to the development of this approach was based on data provided mainly by the National Institute of Statistics, the Tempo-Online database. Given that public information at the regional level are limited in terms of accessibility and the release time during this process were also used data from the European statistics by Eurostat database.

Keywords: rural area, sustainable development, indicators.

ELENA SIMA

posted Dec 28, 2016, 12:38 PM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: Romania has a great tourism potential, but unfortunately this potential has not been explored enough. The objective of this paper is to analyze how the European funds were accessed for developing and promoting tourism activities in rural areas at national level. The work is based on the data processed according to the European Commission Statistics (Eurostat) and the national statistics. The databases published by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and different organizations in the field were also investigated. The research methods were represented by data collection, mainly online data, data processing, centralization and synthetic presentation (under tabular form). The investments in rural tourism have a great advantage, i.e. job creation and maintaining the local (rural) labour, revitalization of rural localities, mainly those from the less-favoured and remote rural areas.

Keywords: European funds; rural tourism; investments; tourism infrastructure; Romania.

JEL Classification: Q14, L83, R58.

LUCIAN TANASĂ, CODRIN DINU VASILIU, IOAN SEBASTIAN BRUMĂ, SEBASTIAN DOBOȘ

posted Dec 28, 2016, 12:37 PM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: At present, gastronomy is becoming an increasingly stronger motivation and focus of interest in economics, especially in fields related to tourism. At the same time, gastronomic tourism represents one of the most important business opportunities, allowing direct contact between food sector producers and tourists. Moreover, food related tourism is a key factor of success for local food fests and food markets based in touristic destinations. Thus, food related tourism represents an important incentive for the development of short food supply chains, resulting in the cooperation between local producers and tourism operators. In satisfying the demand of tourists interested especially in gastronomical aspects, local economic operators, whether small food sector producers or accommodation unit owners, are compelled to cooperate and complement each other. The present study aims to discuss this particular economic mechanism specific to the Târgu Neamț touristic area, by taking into consideration both its strengths (especially regional cultural, historical heritage and natural habitat) as well as its weaknesses, represented by the local producers` lack of access to an adequate market, which is a key factor in ensuring long term regional proper development opportunities. Our conclusion is that, at least one potential solution to achieving sustainable development in the Târgu Neamț region, is to encourage the establishment of long lasting mutually beneficial partnerships between local food sector producers and tourism sector operators.

Keywords: short food supply chains, gastronomic tourism, rural tourism, Târgu Neamț touristic area, local producers, local sustainable development

JEL: Q13, Q11, O13, O16, O18, M31, L83

ELISABETA ROSU

posted Dec 28, 2016, 12:36 PM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: The natural and anthropic tourism potential of the Suceava county characterized by numerous natural reserves, many of them unique in the world, by the variety, density and value of historic, religious and architecture monuments are creating conditions for the county Suceava to be a tourism destination chosen, both for the Romanian and foreign tourists. This approach is intended to be an analysis of the main indicators of tourism activity in Suceava county during 2001-2014.

Keywords: tourism potential, tourism activity indicators, Suceava county

JEL: L8, L83, Q2

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