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Section 2

“ECONOMY, MANAGEMENT AND AGRICULTURAL MARKETING”

1. Viorica GAVRILĂ „Evolution of agrarian structures in Romania”
2. Tamara LEAH „Abandoned land: a barrier for sustainable development of agriculture of the Republic of Moldova”
3. Ana-Ruxandra MICU, Dana REBEGA, Gabriela GIMBĂȘANU „Analysis on the situation of farms in the context of completing the first programming period (2007-2013)”
4. Ana-Gabriela BABUCEA, Aniela BĂLĂCESCU “Analysis of the concentration in growth potential of organic agriculture at the level of EU member states”
5. Steliana RODINO, Alina BUŢU, Marian BUŢU „Overview on organic agriculture of Romania in the context of the current European development model”
6. HUSSEIN ALI HUSSEIN AL QAESI, ABDULMUTTALEB ABBAS, MOHAMED DHARY YOUSIF EL-JUBOURI „Reality and prospects of organic agriculture in Iraq and neighboring countries”
7. Ionuț Laurențiu PETRE, Eduard Alexandru DUMITRU „Economic efficiency of leased lands in Romania Lease versus Association”
8. Elena – Daniela ȘURCĂ „Impact of subsidies in an agricultural exploitation of medium size from vegetable sector”
9. Ana URSU “The influence of coupled support to the vegetal sector on profitability of crops”
10. Anca DACHIN, Ana URSU „Sensitivity of gross margin at field crops”
11. Ruxandra – Eugenia POP „Determinant factors for the level and valorification of wheat production in the European Union”
12. Eduard Alexandru DUMITRU, Ana-Ruxandra MICU, Dana REBEGA „Analysis regarding the productivity of several corn hybrid species in 2016”
13. Felicia CHEŢAN, Cornel CHEȚAN, Felicia MURESAN „Determining the technology influence of soy on the soil, production and economic efficiency on Turda area”
14. Alina ŞIMON, Teodor RUSU „Agrotechnical and economical alternatives for pea culture in Turda area”
15. Ioan-Niculae ALECU, Gyorgy SZABO, NAGY CAROLY, Irina ANGELESCU„Potato in the agriculture of Covasna County, in the context of mutations within the Romanian agricultural sector”
16. Viorica GAVRILĂ „The domestic fruit supply – evolutions and trends”
17. Ioan-Niculae ALECU, NAGY CAROLY, Gyorgy SZABO, Irina ANGELESCU „The developments at worldwide, European and national level in dairy cows sector: Livestock and obtained productions”
18. Mariana GRODEA “Milk processing and collection in Romania - An analysis across region”
19. Lidia IURCHEVICI „The milk market after elimination of milk quotes”
20. Rodica CHETROIU „The production cost of biological material for introducing to fattening in the swine farms”
21. Cristina – Stefania MATACHE „Economic importance of ensuring the welfare for farm”
22. Rodica CHETROIU „The food balance dynamics of the poultry meat”
23. Alin-Angelin IORGA „Definition of terms and presentation of processes regarding the collection, recycling and capitalization of waste packging from agricultural activities”
24. Daniela Nicoleta BĂDAN „Model of vegetation extensive system of filters used to irrigate crop”
25. Alin-Angelin IORGA „Legal reglementations in the European Union and Romania regarding collection management, recovery and recycle of the waste packaging”
26. Catalin VOICA, Corina ENE, Mirela PANAIT “The use of biofuels and bioliquids in the European Union in the context of sustainable development and food security`s constraints”
27. Daniela Nicoleta BĂDAN, Elena - Daniela ȘURCĂ „Culture of rapeseed in the manufacture of biodiesel”

GAVRILĂ VIORICA

posted Dec 23, 2016, 5:34 AM by WEB MASTER

AbstractThe main indicators used in the analysis refer to: Utilized Agricultural Area (UAA), labour force in agriculture, animal herds, physical and economic farm size. In the period 2005-2013, the number of small-sized farms significantly decreased in Romania, while the number of medium and large-sized farms increased. The Utilized Agricultural Area distribution reveals that the bipolar structure of agriculture has been maintained. Although this distribution indicates a weak presence of medium-sized agrarian structures, there is a consolidation tendency of these structures. While the livestock production activity on the small-sized farms considerably decreased, the livestock herds doubled on the large-sized farms. However, this increase was not enough, so that overall one quarter of total herds was lost. The exit from the farming activity had a higher intensity on the mixed farms. Only a few types of activity entailed labour force increase.

Key words: agricultural holdings

JEL Classification: Q12

LEAH TAMARA

posted Dec 23, 2016, 5:33 AM by WEB MASTER

 Abstract. According to the General Agricultural Census the agricultural area utilized in agriculture consist 1.941.400 ha. At the same time, abandoned agricultural area was 246.900 ha, of which 60.600 ha, or 24.5%, belonging firms and 186.300 ha, or 75.5% - individual persons. Neglected land is abandoned for several reasons. More and more lands are abandoned by people who go abroad. But those who remain in the country are not able to work, they are elderly, have no financial resources to support their own land. Abandonment of agricultural land is a problem for adjacent land owners. This contributes to long-term increase the vulnerability of soil and there is a source of spread the weeds and creating conditions of outbreaks of diseases and pests of agricultural plants. There are lands which it state is not determined from 1992-1994. It is not clear what level of degradation of these soils. In order to redress the situation is necessary to implement the measures on maintain and improve an efficient land management, at republican, regional and local level, based on land consolidation, land monitoring, implementation activities directed towards the land protection and sustainable development of agriculture in Moldova.

Key words: abandoned land, agriculture, soil degradation, sustainable development

JEL Classification: Q01, Q15, Q24

MICU ANA-RUXANDRA, REBEGA DANA, GIMBĂȘANU GABRIELA

posted Dec 23, 2016, 5:32 AM by WEB MASTER

Summary: One of the main problems of Romania, which appeared immediately after the revolution of 1989 has represented by an excessive fragmentation of agricultural land, accounting and currently an issue that is trying to be remedied by different measures to encourage through the pooling of agricultural exploitations. Farms in Romania, very many are also characterized by the low productivity are concentrated holdings of subsistence and semi-subsistence farmers barely that can provide the necessary products for their own use, so that did not enter into question whether commercialization of products in order to obtain revenue.

Keywords: farms, subsistence and semi-subsistence production value standard

BABUCEA ANA-GABRIELA, BĂLĂCESCU ANIELA

posted Dec 23, 2016, 5:31 AM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: Recent aspects of European and global economy reveals that consumer demand for organic products is growing and this provides the opportunity to develop a sustainable agriculture. However, while there is a visible new approach in all European countries on the management of organic farming, there are major differences in the growth potential of thereof nationally among the EU Member States, both in terms of areas used organic agriculture but also, total utilised agricultural area and total organic operators (agricultural producers). On based on the dataset available on Eurostat database for the years 2013 and 2014 on organic farming, the study aims to identify differences in the growth potential of organic agriculture between EU member states appealing to statistical methods specific to the analysis of the concentration, as a measured tool of their convergence. It involved the use of Lorenz curve and Gini-Struck coefficient to identify a model of the European organic agriculture concentration regarding the organic farming considered indicators, given that, their specific and changes differs considerably from one EU member state to another.

Keywords: organic farming, Lorenz curve, Gini-Struck coefficient, European Member States

JEL Classification: C82, Q01, Q15

STELIANA RODINO, ALINA BUTU, MARIAN BUTU

posted Dec 23, 2016, 5:30 AM by WEB MASTER

SUMMARY: This works stand as an overview on organic agriculture of Romania in the context of the current European development model, presenting relevant information on the organic sector, legislation in force and some data regarding the trade market, at national and European Level. Organic agriculture is a holistic system of production designed to maximize productivity of diverse communities within the agro-system, combining tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved. The organic production sector is one of the most dynamic industrial sectors of EU, with significant increase every year for the last 10 years, in response to the growth in consumers demand. According to official numbers, the ecological agriculture in Romania has seen an upward trend in recent years, both in the vegetable and livestock production sector. Although ecological agriculture represents narrow segments in terms of both acreage and production, it is gaining increased attention due to its sustainable principles of ecological importance and to the economic opportunities it may offer.

Keywords: ecological agriculture, organic production, consumers awareness, natural balance

JEL Classification: N40, N50, Q01,Q15

HUSSEIN ALI HUSSEIN AL QAESI, ABDULMUTTALEB ABBAS, MOHAMED DHARY YOUSIF EL-JUBOURI

posted Dec 23, 2016, 5:29 AM by WEB MASTER

Abstract. Agriculture in Iraq represents a vital component of the country’s economy. Prior to the development of the petroleum industry, agriculture was the primary economic activity in Iraq.
Over the past several decades agriculture’s role in the economy has been heavily influenced by Iraq’s involvement in military conflicts (particularly the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War, the 1991 Gulf War, and the 2003 Iraq War). These military conflicts influenced government policy intervention to promote and/or control agricultural production. In 1971 to 1990, Iraq’s population grew at an annual rate of 3.2% compared with only a 1.2% growth rate for Iraq’s cereal production, given the context that cereals are the principal source of calories in Iraq.
Nowadays, there is a strong debate about which direction should Iraqi agriculture take, for its revival and for contributing to national wellbeing, taking also into account the growing competition for water and the challenges due to climate change.
This study will be divided into four main sections, which is an introduction in which the literature will also be reviewed, the second main section will be dedicated to organic agriculture and related activities since organic agriculture represents an important method for the extension of agriculture. The last two important sections will be dedicated to the results, which will contain tables of statistical data followed by a discussion in which data will be interpreted, and it will end with the conclusions and recommendations for prospects of organic agriculture in Iraq.

Keywords: organic agriculture, agriculture in Iraq, extension of agriculture

JEL Classification: O13, Q 50

PETRE IONUȚ LAURENȚIU, DUMITRU EDUARD ALEXANDRU

posted Dec 23, 2016, 5:27 AM by WEB MASTER

Summary: Leasing is an effective method of using agricultural land in Romania? This paper will answer this question, it will analyze the impact assessment produced by leasing land, the benefit to the farmer concerned. Take into account the causes of the lease, such as inability plot work, the health of the owner, etc. It will consider the Lease Law, but also statistics on the soils in this stage. It will analyze the benefit derived by the landowner, but a comparison in terms between cooperation and farmers association. The comparative study will be made in two distinct cases: first, the owner gives the agricultural goods and the second the same beneficiary can be integrated or may give rise to an association of owners. In the end will determine whether leasing land is indeed an effective method of "exploitation" of the land, or if is a more "comfortable". It will make some recommendations, some relating to negotiating and arranging the lease, others about association, but also recommendations about legislation.

Keywords: leasing land, producer associations, economic efficiency, legislation.

Jel classification: Q12, Q15.

ȘURCĂ DANIELA-ELENA

posted Dec 23, 2016, 5:26 AM by WEB MASTER

Summary: exploitations of small and medium size plays an important role in Romanian agriculture, which are numerous, representing a significant percentage of the total number of those receiving subsidies. In this regard a case study drawn up on a farm representative of mid-size indicates the significant contribution has subsidization and which currently makes a clear separation between profit and loss for the Romanian farmer.

Keywords: subventions, agricultural exploitation, technical and economic indicators

Clasificare JEL: Q12 – Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets

Ana URSU

posted Dec 23, 2016, 5:25 AM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the current state of vegetable sector and especially soybeans, rice, beets, hemp, hops receiving support coupled with subsidy on the surface as direct pay. The analysis takes into account a number of relevant indicators for both the performance of the sector in order to stimulate farmers for investments in certain crops and for farmers' incomes, meaning that coupled support may influence the profitability of crops to the detriment of crops declared as the profitable agricultural plant. In principle, each culture deals with analytical situation every technical and economic indicator focusing on highlighting gaps profitability. Examine where each culture in terms of the indicators considered in the study and make some concluding remarks about the current state of economic development of the vegetable sector and studied plants and the need to grant coupled support to maintain surfaces that are cultivated in present.

Keywords: support coupled, vegetable sector, technical and economic indicators, profitability

JEL Classification: O12, P50, Q18, Q57

ANCA DACHIN, ANA URSU

posted Dec 23, 2016, 5:23 AM by WEB MASTER

Abstract. A major issue of agriculture in Romania is to achieve the level of profitability of farms which ensures their economic viability. In this respect farms seek profitability of each product. The gross margin is a measure of profitability, which for the field crops is determined by the producer price, yield per hectare and variable costs. Since some of the crops are not profitable every year, subsidies also play an important role in economic calculation. The paper aims to estimate the sensitivity of the gross margin to changes of these factors in the case of cereals, sunflower, soybean, potato and beet. The sensitivity analysis relies on estimated data regarding the crop in 2015/2016 and has the purpose to explore the impact of assumptions of changes in determinants on the results measured by gross margin. The sensitivity of gross margin is the highest and also similar in relation to the producer price and the yield per hectare.

Key words: gross margin, sensitivity, field crops

JEL classification: Q02, C63, H25

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