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Section 1

“THE CONCEPTS, EVALUATIONS AND STRATEGIC DIRECTION IN RURAL AND AGRI-FOOD ECONOMY”

1. Monica Mihaela TUDOR „Evaluation of rural competitiveness- Case study Romania”
2. TAKÁCS ISTVÁN, TAKÁCS-GYÖRGY KATALIN „Challenges, chances, alternatives for SMEs (and the theory of „de growth”)”
3. Cristian C. MERCE, Emilian MERCE, Cristina Bianca POCOL„Farm size and profitability - The village as collateral factor”
4. Alexandru SIPICĂ, Bogdan FURDUESCU „Implementation risk analysis of cloud computing technologies at farm level”
5. Olga SHIK, Alexandru STRATAN, Anatolie IGNAT, Eugenia LUCASENCO “Evaluation of agricultural support in the Republic of Moldova”
6. Gavrilescu CAMELIA, Cristian KEVORCHIAN “An analysis of the Romanian agri-food international trade expansion during the post-accession period”
7. Al Mahammad JAGHAYEF, Raluca NECULA, Diana NECULA „The analysis of the main indicators evolution of social and economic development in the Arab Republic of Syria, period 1960-2014”
8. Alexandru SIPICĂ, Bogdan FURDUESCU „The agriculture business performance by migrating to cloud services of informational structures”
9. Codrin DINU VASILIU, Lucian TANASĂ, Ioan Sebastian BRUMĂ „Integrated web systems as strategic solutions for (successfully) branding the rural boarding houses”
10 Aurel LUP, Liliana MIRON, Alim Indira DENIZ “Politics and strategies of land reclamation. Historical retrospective and perspectives”

Monica Mihaela TUDOR

posted Dec 20, 2016, 12:04 PM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: Regional competitiveness, understood as the ability of regions to promote, attract and sustain the economic activity, so that their population can reach and maintain a high living standard, is the object of the present analytical approach. The results of the study reveled that the economy of the predominantly rural regions is less competitive than the economy of the intermediate regions. The factors that mainly contribute to widening the territorial disparities in rural competitiveness are the following: i) size of RDI staff that provides the comparative advantage of the access to innovation and ii) value of exports, both in the non-agricultural and in the agri-food economy, certifying the competitive advantage of regional economies on the international markets.

Key words: regional competitiveness; rural area; Romania.

JEL Classification: O11, O18, R58.

TAKÁCS ISTVÁN,TAKÁCS-GYÖRGY KATALIN

posted Dec 20, 2016, 12:03 PM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: To find and adopt those products, solutions, technologies that are suitable for profitable production and ensure viability at the same time is one of the basic tasks of sustainable economy. Viable enterprise means to earn enough revenue to cover all the costs, including the costs of investment and innovation, to operate in an effective way, to “balance” (equilibrate) with the limited resources, (natural, renewable) notwithstanding the limitation of growth. In the study the new paradigm of “degrowth” is examined along the potential alternatives opened for SMEs, based on thoughts of Serge Latouche. In the paper it is summarized the main characteristics of innovative strategies for SMES in agriculture, too. The new values (Réévaluer – reappraise) suggest the intent of preserving the nature at least in the nowadays condition. Precision agriculture is a tool in this and allows the efficient use of natural resources (Restructurer – restructuring factors of production). Each farming strategy in which the farmers’ cooperation is the base of an efficient machinery use (Restructurer – restructuring of social relationships), each technology that reduces the human-health risk (Réduire – reduction) shows into the direction of degrowth. We believe that we will not be able to carry out sustainable economy without strengthening the SMEs, helping them to find their successful way/strategy on development, being innovative and to cooperate with each other. Values, attitudes, networks, trust, openness are important to both individual and social utility coincidence that promotes the sustainability of being viable, competitive in wider meaning: future orientation, ability to renew (development, imitation, synthesis), economic/social cooperation.

Keywords: sustainable economy, innovation, SMEs

Jel: M29; Q01; Y50

CRISTIAN C. MERCE, EMILIAN MERCE, CRISTINA BIANCA POCOL

posted Dec 20, 2016, 12:01 PM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: The goal of the study is to analyse and compare agrarian structures in several EU countries, analysed separately according to their degree of economic consolidation. The study points out that, in order to characterize the agrarian structures of a country, is not sufficient to determine the average size of farms. Such averages are the result of different distributions of farmland according to size categories, which are valuable sources of analysis in terms of the impact of agricultural structures on the modernization of production processes as well as for achieving substantial economic performance. An important objective of the paper is to evaluate the numerical influence of farm size on the economic results, using regression and correlation methods. The study reveals that size is a necessary condition for the achievement of economic performance, but it is not sufficient. A causalities comparison between countries with a consolidated economic situation and the ones economically precarious confirm this fact, concluding also that, in addition to size, farms must provide a substantial capitalization as well as modern technical equipment. The paper underlines also the fact that the precarious capitalization of farms, along with feudal agrarian structures, causes paradoxal situations, the economic effect being found in an inverse relationship to size.

Keywords: farm size, economic effects, causality, paradoxal situations.

SIPICĂ ALEXANDRU, FURDUESCU BOGDAN

posted Dec 20, 2016, 12:00 PM by WEB MASTER

SUMMARY: If there is some experience of project management in the rural economy on European Union markets, we can say that in Romania things go slowly. This can be primarily distinguished by poor absorption of European funds. Establishing a strategy, set up of Digital Agenda are targets assumed and fulfilled by Romania. However, the use of new technologies in rural areas is still low. This paper aims mainly migratory risk analysis applications used in the business environment in rural areas. 

Keywords: cloud computing, improve performance, business, management, risk, technologies. 

Clasificarea JEL: Business Management, Agriculture Project Management

OLGA SHIK, ALEXANDRU STRATAN, ANATOLIE IGNAT, EUGENIA LUCASENCO

posted Dec 20, 2016, 11:58 AM by WEB MASTER

Summary: This paper presents the outcome of the study conducted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in collaboration with the National Institute for Economic Research in the Republic of Moldova. The paper assesses the level and structure of government support to agriculture in Moldova by using a combination of formal quantitative, informal quantitative and qualitative analysis. Application of the PSE methodology by OECD provides a standardized quantitative method of measurement of support to agricultural sector. The methodology is based on comparing output producers’ prices (farm gate prices) with prices expected without policy interventions, e.g. market equilibrium or reference prices. Reference price must be selected in a way that best represents the opportunity costs of producing the commodity domestically. The effect of the public policy is measured by the difference between market and reference prices. If the difference between market and reference output prices is positive, policy causes benefits to producers, and if negative – policy leads to implicit taxation of the farmers. The paper suggests strategies and policy actions in order to increase efficiency of public support to agriculture with the focus on export growth.

Keywords: agricultural support, Producer Support Estimate, Market Price Support, evaluation

GAVRILESCU CAMELIA, KEVORCHIAN CRISTIAN

posted Dec 20, 2016, 11:56 AM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: Romania’s accession to the European Union meant the free access of its agri-food products on the European Single market, without tariff barriers or export quotas, as well as a better access on the international markets. At the same time, it meant the free access on the Romanian market of competitor products coming from the other member states. After a two-year period of adaptation to the new „rules of the game”, and the overcome of the economic crisis shock manifested in 2009, the agri-food exports increased significantly, at a faster pace than the imports, so as the agri-food trade balance deficit, after reaching a peak in 2008, diminished continuously until it turned to surplus in 2013 and 2014, just to go back to a slight deficit again in 2015. The paper is analyzing the evolution of agri-food exports and imports, with focus on latest export developments, in terms of value, product composition and geographical orientation of the trade flows.

Key words: agri-food products, extra-community exports, intra-EU trade, Romania

JEL classification: F14, Q17

AL MAHAMMAD JAGHAYEF, RALUCA NECULA, DIANA NECULA

posted Dec 20, 2016, 11:54 AM by WEB MASTER

Summary. The paper’s aim is a retrospective analysis of the evolution of the main indicators of social and economic development from Syria by highlighting the degree of development of the country before the policy crisis in 2011. An attempt was also the surprise of external and internal influences in the country: a comparison with neighboring Arab countries of Syria, managing the formation of an overview image of economic and social development of the country, and the effects of the civil war start in 2011 resulting from the analysis of statistical data and official reports. The key indicators analyzed have been the Gross Domestic Product and the Human Development Index, the evolution being completed by the analysis of the main indicators that characterizes the evolution of agriculture in the period analyzed. The result of the research shows a country with a developed evolution potential, the development indicators up to 2011 being favorable for the country, but the conflict from 2011 affecting all economic and social sectors, the damage and the possibilities of economic recovery is still very hard to estimate.

Keywords: Syria, agriculture, GDP, HDI, development, crisis

Jel Classification: O13, F62, I3, H56

SIPICĂ ALEXANDRU,FURDUESCU BOGDAN

posted Dec 20, 2016, 11:52 AM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: To experience a rapid development in the past decade brought the IT industry ordered the establishment of new performance indicators for world economies. These new indicators refer to the information society development. Thus, is going to be the question in any economic the administration and development of the informational structure. This paper aims to analyze the Company's performance growth opportunity of farming business in agriculture, by migrating to cloud structures.

Keywords: cloud computing, management, agricultural production, smart agriculture

Clasificarea JEL: Business Management, Agriculture Project Management

CODRIN DINU VASILIU, LUCIAN TANASĂ, IOAN SEBASTIAN BRUMĂ

posted Dec 20, 2016, 11:50 AM by WEB MASTER

Abstract: For the past 15 years, mostly in the context of raising the financing volume for the rural environment, the number of rural boarding houses has been expanding exponentially. This increase has failed yet to be correlated with efficient marketing solutions, the development itself happened rather through actions defined by an intuitive nature. Within the rural tourism the brands have not reached their peak potential for appealing to the tourists’ interest and growth. Although there are clear signs of an obvious evolution in the culture of promotion, there is also noticeable that digital technologies are not fully employed in building the brands of the rural boarding houses. In the context of the current competitional environment the virtual presence is a neccessary term for having visibility, constant audience and also a must have for increasing the tourists’ number, all indispensable elements for successfully running this type of business. Although the contemporary evolution of technologies has a high degree of unpredictability which forces the boarding houses to appeal to creative solutions for maintaing and developing the brand, there is still possible to identify a series of strategic approaches of the digital technologies, depending on certain predictible parameters linked to issues such as audience psychology, cultural context, aesthetical determinations of the environments, accessibility, usability, efficiency of broadcasting the message. A likely solution for such a strategical approach is given by the integrated web systems. An integrated web system serves as a technology centered on a web product whose functions are expanded and improved by other technologies which may be either digital or non-digital. This study addresses mainly to the owners of boarding houses who intent to develop their brands and suggests a few practical solutions for successfully implementing the integrated web systems which best characterize their spectrum of activities. The solutions introduced here contain practical directions for the construction of a site, its integration in social media and in a promotional package. Starting from the current offers in the market of digital technologies we also present a cost analysis for implementing the above suggested technologies.

Key words: branding, rural boarding house, integrated web solutions, rural development

Classification JEL: Z32, O18, M31

AUREL LUP, LILIANA MIRON,INDIRA DENIZ ALIM

posted Dec 20, 2016, 11:48 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 20, 2016, 11:48 AM ]

Abstract: This paper describes the evolution of land reclamation works in Romania, from the second half of the twentieth century and until today. Given that over two thirds of the farmland was affected by unfavorable phenomena, such as frequent drought, waterlogging and soil erosion, the totalitarian political power instituted after the Second World War decided to improve the situation. Priority was given to irrigation facilities because they were expected to substantially increase the agricultural production and yield per hectare, which were among the lowest in Europe. Between 1950 and 1989, by successive programs developed by specialists under political order, over 3 million hectares were equipped for irrigation (ranking the second or the third in Europe); on similar surfaces, there were performed works to combat waterlogging, and over 2.2 million hectares were equipped with facilities for soil erosion control. Given that, in 1950, only 42 thousand hectares were equipped for irrigation, 368 thousand hectares were equipped against waterlogging, and only 2 thousand ha for soil erosion, in the next four decades (1950-1989) there were performed land reclamation works and improvements on more than 8 million hectares. The financial effort, the rush, but also the lack of some measure in some works, such as irrigation, damaged the quality of works, many of them with important missing parts. The faulty operation for which there were insufficient financial resources yielded to unsatisfactory results compared to what was expected. After 1989, the arrangements have been degraded, and the land was irrigated increasingly less, while working endlessly to rehabilitation and modernization studies and projects, this time in accordance with the principles of market economy.

Keywords: land reclamation, strategies, rehabilitations.

JEL Classification: Q 15

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