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Section 5

ADER 16.1.2 PROJECT ”Models of development of short chains of capitalization on the pathway primary production - services - warehousing - processing - marketing”


1

ION Raluca Andreea

The influence of people income on vegetables consumption in Romania

2

NECULA Raluca Alexandra, NECULA (ILIE) Diana Maria, DRĂGHICI Manea, TUDOR Valentina

The main indicators evolution from the fruits and vegetables sector

3

MICU Marius Mihai, TUDOR Valentina Constanța, SMEDESCU Dragoș Ion, CARBARĂU Cosmina Andreea

Why Polish apples are present on the Romanian markets?

4

SMEDESCU Dragoș Ion, TUDOR Valentina Constanța, MICU Marius Mihai, CARBARĂU Cosmina Andreea

Evolution of the amount of chemical and natural fertilizers used in Romania between 2007 and 2016

5

MARIN Ancuța

The dynamics of apple-planted areas, apple production and apple prices in Romania

6

CHETROIU Rodica, IURCHEVICI Lidia

Considerations on the functionality of short chains of sale vegetables/fruits


CHETROIU RODICA, IURCHEVICI LIDIA

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:43 AM by WEB MASTER

CONSIDERATIONS ON THE FUNCTIONALITY OF SHORT CHAINS OF SALE VEGETABLES/FRUITS 
 
Abstract: The paper is part of the research carried out under the ADER Project 16.1.2 - Models of development of the short chains of valorization on primary production-services-storing-processing-marketing pathway, Stage 4 and is based on the results of applying questionnaires to vegetable / fruits producers, in order to identify the degree of functionality of the short chains of capitalization of production, as well as the problems they face. The analyzed problem refers to the context and valorization of production, the belonging of the producers to a form of association, their position regarding the functionality of the short chains, the financial resources necessary for the development of the production processes, accessing the European / national funds for the development of the activity etc. 
 
Keywords: vegetables, fruits, chains of valorization, producers 
 
JEL Clasification: O13, Q23 

ANCUŢA MARIN

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:41 AM by WEB MASTER

THE DYNAMICS OF APPLE-PLANTED AREAS, APPLE PRODUCTION AND APPLE PRICES IN ROMANIA 
 
Abstract: The diversified way of eating apples as well as the versatility of the species that can be cultivated with good results under different environmental and climatic conditions has determined a particular interest for fruit growers. In Romania, apple culture occupies the first place both in terms of surface and production. Current concepts of rational nutrition place fruit consumption in a priority, primarily because they provide the human body with a wide range of vitamins, mineral salts and vital water that are so necessary for the normal physiological activity of the human body. In this paper we are looking at the dynamics of the areas planted with apple during the period 2010-2016, the dynamics of the total and average outputs, as well as the dynamics of the capitalization prices on each county. The purpose of the paper is to make some recommendations that might be useful to Romanian producers who choose apple for their business. 
 
Keywords:  production, apple, production dynamics, capitalization prices 
 
JEL Classification: Q13, Q11, O13 
 

SMEDESCU DRAGOȘ ION, TUDOR VALENTINA CONSTANȚA, MICU MARIUS MIHAI, CARBARĂU COSMINA ANDREEA

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:40 AM by WEB MASTER

EVOLUTION OF THE AMOUNT OF CHEMICAL AND NATURAL FERTILIZERS USED IN ROMANIA BETWEEN 2007 AND 2016   
  
Abstract: Along with irrigation, chemical and natural fertilizers play an important role in producing high yields, providing nutrients for plants, thus increasing or maintaining optimal yields. Regarding the use of chemical and natural fertilizers in general, a downward trend has been observed between 1990 and 2000, so that the application of these fertilizers in this interval has decreased by more than 800%, a period considered not very happy in the case of the Romanian agriculture. The largest producers of chemical fertilizers used by Romanian farmers come from the European Union, so that they have discovered the opportunity of the Romanian agriculture market, they have opened their representative offices in Romania, where they provide farmers with consultants meant to offer them solutions dedicated to their needs. In Romania, an overwhelming natural fertilizer is used (over 90% of the total amount of fertilizer applied) because they are at hand and cheaper. These fertilizers may come from secondary livestock farming. 
 
Keywords: fertilizers, nutrients, Romanian agriculture, environmental hazard 
 
JEL Classification: Q1, Q5 

MICU MARIUS MIHAI, TUDOR VALENTINA CONSTANȚA, SMEDESCU DRAGOȘ ION, CARBARĂU COSMINA ANDREEA

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:39 AM by WEB MASTER

WHY POLISH APPLES ARE PRESENT ON THE ROMANIAN MARKETS?

Abstract: With millions of tons harvested annually, the apple is the third fruit consumed in the world, after oranges and bananas. In 1989, Romania had 79,000 ha of apple trees, but in 2017 the situation was different, with about 55,000 ha planted, occupying the second place in the EU after Poland, the leader of the apple cultivated area and production. The speed of rejuvenation of plantations is low in Romania. Of the total area cultivated with apple trees, 70% of plantations are old, and it is obviously that production is both quantitative and qualitative low. The present study aims to analyze the apple market at the European Union level and, implicitly, at the level of Romania. To achieve this, the 2013-2017 period was was taken as the basis of study and indicators such as total production, cultivated area and average yield per hectare were taken into account. Thus, at the level of the European Union, Poland is the undisputed leader in apple production, together with Italy and France, providing about 60% of the total production recorded in the 28 countries. At the same time, the analysis also focuses on price developments in the first five apple-producing countries, and the lowest price is recorded in Poland in 2013 of only 20 cents / kg, which explains to a certain extent the presence on the Romanian market of Polish apples. 
    
Keywords: apples, apple production, producers, cultivated areas 
 
JEL Classification: Q13, Q17 

NECULA RALUCA ALEXANDRA, NECULA (ILIE) DIANA MARIA, DRĂGHICI MANEA, TUDOR VALENTINA

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:37 AM by WEB MASTER

THE MAIN INDICATORS EVOLUTION FROM THE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES SECTOR  
  
Summary: Romania is a country with a high production potential for the vegetables and fruits, due in particular to the high natural fertility of soils and to the climate diversity.  Besides the favorable conditions for the production of fruits and vegetables, it should be mentioned that Romania is a country which is concerned with agriculture, to meet the economic and technical requirements characteristic of the market economy.  In this paper we analyze, by comparison, the areas, the average and total production, the purchase and sales price, the incomes obtained from the sale and the trade balance on the main vegetable and fruit crops, in order to determine the evolution of these indicators and to determine the situation of this agricultural sector in Romania. By using specific indicators, the trend followed by the fruit and vegetable sector can be determined, which can be used to assess the actual real situation of Romanian horticulture and to determine the next steps to improve future results. 
 
Keywords: surfaces, production, consumption, trade, evolution.  
 
JEL Classification: E29, E30, F10 

RALUCA ANDREEA ION

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:35 AM by WEB MASTER

THE INFLUENCE OF PEOPLE INCOME ON VEGETABLES CONSUMPTION IN ROMANIA

Abstract: The article analysis the people income influence of vegetables’ consumption, assuming that the consumption of vegetables increases along with income growth. The paper tries to answer the question what are the direction and the intensity of income influence on vegetables’ consumption? In pursuing this question, data related to income and vegetables consumption have been analysed using the regression models. The results show that 1-unit change in the level of income leads to 0.720 units change in the level of vegetables’ consumption. The consumption of vegetables reacts evident to changes in the level of income, as compared to the consumption of fruits. The topic of research and the findings are relevant, because of vegetables’ importance for human health, due to their content in micro and macro nutrients. Is also rises awareness on the determinants of vegetables’ consumption, and on the extent to which people income plays a role in food choices.  
 
Keywords: vegetables, market, self-consumption, people income 
 
JEL Classification: Q13 

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