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Section 4

ADER 13.1.2 PROJECT "Technical and economic substantiation of production costs and price estimates for wheat, barley, maize, sunflower, rape, soybean, sugar beet, rice, hemp, hops, tobacco, potatoes for conventional agriculture and organic farming"


1

COFAS Elena

Applying the marketing mix to the analysis of the barley market in the European context

2

COFAS Elena

The dynamics of maize production in the climate factors variability conditions

3

COFAS Elena

Research on the validate of wheat production in the context of measures entreprised for the extension of market mechanisms

4

PETRE Ionuț Laurențiu

Analysis of the rentability of the sunflower production system – non irrigated or irrigated

5

PETRE Ionuț Laurențiu

Analysis of the rape culture rentability for non-irrigated and unirrigated production systems

6

PETRE Ionuț Laurențiu

Comparative labor force analysis in conventional and ecological agriculture – oleaginous plants

7

ȘURCĂ Daniela-Elena

Comparative study on the economic efficiency of hemp culture in a conventional and ecological system

8

ȘURCĂ Daniela-Elena

Comparative study on the economic efficiency of rice culture in a conventional and organic system

9

POP Ruxandra Eugenia

PAC substitutions impact on the tobacco market in Romania

10

POP Ruxandra Eugenia

Sugar beet and sugar market in European and national context

RUXANDRA – EUGENIA POP

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:10 AM by WEB MASTER

SUGAR BEET AND SUGAR MARKET IN EUROPEAN AND NATIONAL CONTEXT 
 
Abstract: This paper aims to present the sugar beet and sugar market from a marketing perspective, both at national and european level, taking into account the main elements of the custom marketing mix on the sugar beet and sugar market (product, price, promotion, distribution) as well as the characteristics of demand and supply on the market of interest, represented by the consumption registered respectively by the number of economic agents and beet production at national level. We also want to show where we situated in Europe, in terms of the value of beet production at producer price. Once these issues have been analyzed statistically and interpreting the data gathered, the paper aims to highlight the strengths and weaknesses identified at market level by conducting a SWOT analysis. 
 
Key words: sugar beet market, swot analyze, demand, supply 
 
JEL Classification: Q15, Q52, Q27 

POP RUXANDRA-EUGENIA

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:09 AM by WEB MASTER

PAC SUBSTITUTIONS IMPACT ON THE TOBACCO MARKET IN ROMANIA 
 
Abstract: The tobacco market in Romania has seen a significant increase regarding  the size of the areas covered by this industrial crop and production. One of the key factors underpinning this statement is the volume of forms of financial support under the PAC 2014-2020 for this crop. It is well known that among the National Transitional Aid for the Vegetable Sector, the tobacco subsidy (ANT 4) provides the highest amounts per hectare cultivated. In this paper we will evaluate the relationship between production variables, existing surfaces on the tobacco market and, on the other hand, the volume of subsidies granted to us in the country using statistical analysis methods using SPSS and Microsoft Excel. 
 
Key words: tabacco market, PAC 2014-2020, linear regression, statistical analysis 
 
JEL Classification: Q15, Q52, Q27 

ȘURCĂ DANIELA-ELENA

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:07 AM by WEB MASTER

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF RICE CULTURE IN A CONVENTIONAL AND ORGANIC SYSTEM 
 
Abstract: Economic efficiency is defined by the obtaining of useful economic effects, provided that material, human and financial resources are used rationally. Thus, in general terms, economic efficiency can be defined as the connection between the useful effects obtained from a certain economic activity and the efforts made in the respective activity represented by the expenses related to the production process. The main objective of the study is to highlight the economic efficiency of two system conventional and organic for rice crops. In the context of the achievement of the main objective of the paper, it will be analyze the technical and economic indicators referring to: the dynamics of the surfaces, the average outputs, the budget of revenues and expenditures. The revenue and expenditure budget will highlight certain economic issues, such as the value of production, the costs incurred with this crop, the resulting income and the rate of return. In conclusion, this paper seeks to highlight the best agricultural system in terms of economic efficiency, for rice crops, using the comparative method on the set of indicators analyzed. 
 
Key words: economic efficiency, organic / conventional rice, profit 
 
JEL Classification: Q12, Q57 

ȘURCĂ DANIELA-ELENA

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:06 AM by WEB MASTER

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF HEMP CULTURE IN A CONVENTIONAL AND ECOLOGICAL SYSTEM 
 
Abstract: In order to analyze the degree of development of economic systems for the two agriculture types, conventional and ecological, as well as the "survival" capacity and the direction of their development, it is necessary to take into account the correct definition and measurement of the economic efficiency for the culture analyzed. Economic efficiency is most often defined as the close link between the resources allocated to the production process and what follows from the process, which leads to consuming the resources available in a rational way. Thus, economic efficiency can be determined by comparing the effects of an action with the efforts required to produce it. The present study aims to highlighting the two economical agricultural systems for hemp culture by analyzing and comparing the set of technical and economic indicators present in the income and expenditure budget. The revenue and expenditure budget highlights issues such as: the value of production, the costs incurred with this crop, the resulting income and the rate of return. The main objective of the study is to bring to light the agricultural system that is most economically efficient for the culture in the analysis.  

Key words: economic efficiency, ecological / conventional hemp, profit 
 
JEL Classification: Q 12, Q57

PETRE IONUȚ LAURENȚIU

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:03 AM by WEB MASTER

COMPARATIVE LABOR FORCE ANALYSIS IN CONVENTIONAL AND ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE – OLEAGINOUS PLANTS 
 
Summary: This paper seeks to analyse from a comparative point of view the efficiency of the use of manual labour as well as the mechanized works in the cultivation of oil plants in order to obtain profit and the profitability of this activity from the point of view of conventional and ecological crops. The main source of data to be analysed in this paper was the technical reports submitted by the Research Institute for Agriculture Economy and Rural Development through the ADER 13.1.2 project to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, data referring to the technological value of the three crops (sunflower, rape, soybean) but also with reference to the income and expenditure budget. These data are calculated per unit area and one hectare respectively. Finally, the efficiency of the use of resources, namely labour and mechanized works, will be analysed according to the crop system to see whether the transition to sustainable agriculture is economically viable. 
 
Keywords: labour productivity, oil plants, conventional, ecological 
 
JEL Classification: Q12 

PETRE IONUȚ LAURENȚIU

posted Jan 15, 2019, 4:01 AM by WEB MASTER

ANALYSIS OF THE RAPE CULTURE RENTABILITY FOR NONIRRIGATED AND UNIRRIGATED PRODUCTION SYSTEMS 
 
Summary: This paper proposes the analysis of economic indicators referring to the feasibility and efficiency of rapeseed cultivation in two different irrigated and non-irrigated systems, in order to determine the eventual higher profitability of the increase in production. The question of the research is the following: is it more efficient to ensure that the rapeseed is irrigated in order to obtain higher yields? In order to answer this question, we will use data taken from ADER 13.1.2, coordinated by the Research Institute for the Economy of Agriculture and Rural Development, referring to the technological data and the budget for the income and expenditure of the rapeseed. With the help of these, certain technical and economic indicators will be determined by means of which the final conclusion of this study can be established
 
Keywords: rapeseed culture, profitability, irrigation, non-irrigation 
 
JEL Classification: Q12, Q15. 

PETRE IONUȚ LAURENȚIU

posted Jan 15, 2019, 3:59 AM by WEB MASTER

ANALYSIS OF THE RENTABILITY OF THE SUNFLOWER PRODUCTION SYSTEM – NON IRRIGATED OR IRRIGATED 
 
Summary: Although it is still argued that crop irrigation brings higher yields and higher incomes, it does not always take into account the costs of these additional works. Thus, there may be some cases where the level of these expenditures exceeds the productivity gain, and therefore there is a disadvantage (loss). The question that arises from this context is the following: is it worth to irrigate the sunflower culture in order to increase yield? In order to determine the efficiency (profitability) of the two crop systems (irrigated and non-irrigated) data from ADER 13.1.2 will be used to calculate the economic indicators in order to determine the level of profitability between the two systems. These data will refer to crop technology and the income and expenditure budget for setting up and operating a hectare of sunflower. 
 
Keywords: irrigation, non-irrigation, sunflower, profitability 
 
JEL Classification: Q12, Q15. 
 

COFAS ELENA

posted Jan 15, 2019, 3:58 AM by WEB MASTER

RESEARCH ON THE VALIDATE OF WHEAT PRODUCTION IN THE CONTEXT OF MEASURES ENTREPRISED FOR THE EXTENSION OF MARKET MECHANISMS 
 
Abstract: Wheat occupies an important place in the food security strategy as it is characterized by its long-lasting consistency and by its suitability for a wide range of bakery products. The role of wheat in the food security strategy is also determined by low maintenance costs compared to other foods, with no need for refrigerated chains or costly installations. Being the main raw material in bakery products, wheat is the most important crop in grain production. The bearers of wheat supply are, on the one hand, agricultural producers, irrespective of their organization and, on the other hand, the wheat traders, the latter having recovered as carriers of the offer, because they are generic, a primary market for the marketing of wheat (when it goes from producers to traders or directly to processors) and subsequently at least a second stage of marketing between different traders or between traders and processors. The Common Agricultural Policy is mainly integrationist, to a greater extent than the internal market, where the harmonized standards have replaced them by only about 10% national ones. With regard to the CAP, national agricultural policies have been replaced, for the vast majority of agricultural production, by common rules for the functioning of markets and the marketing of products. For the implementation of common market regulation measures, the following instruments are used: prices, market intervention, financial aid, production quotas, common customs protection. 
 
Keywords: wheat, market, mechanisms, production, analyze 
 
JEL Classification:  O12, P50, Q18, Q57 

COFAS ELENA

posted Jan 15, 2019, 3:56 AM by WEB MASTER

THE DYNAMICS OF MAIZE PRODUCTION IN THE CLIMATE FACTORS VARIABILITY CONDITIONS 
 
Abstract: Corn has always been the basic culture of the Romanian peasant. It has extensive uses in human nutrition, in animal feed, in industry, and as a product for export activities. For these reasons, maize occupies more than one third of the country's arable land. Maize is a cereal crop with multiple and distinctive phyto-techical and biological peculiarities, of which we mention: it resists well drought and heat; has few diseases and few pests; can be grown on very different lands and under different climatic conditions; supports monoculture; being a sowing plant, leaves the weeds clean; is a good precursor for many plants; makes good use of organic and mineral fertilizers; reacts very strongly to the application of irrigation; can be sown for fodder and even for the second crop; has a very high multiplication factor; allows convenient production of highly productive hybrids and adapts to cultivation areas, etc. The research aims to analyze the evolution of the production of corn crops during 2007-2017 in correlation with the multi-annual fluctuation of the average air temperature, as well as the annual average rainfall, which reveals significant variability from one year to the next, the trend of evolution evoking an ascending trend from the point of view of the thermal resources compared to the hydric ones. It results that, at the level of the agricultural territory of our country, the natural thermal potential is richer than the water one, the limiting factor with negative effects on the field crop productivity being rainfall water. Productivity of crops shows fluctuations from one year to another, being significantly influenced by the variability of climatic conditions and, in particular, the production of extreme climatic events. 
 
Keywords: corn, temperature, precipitation, production, surface 
 
JEL Classification:  O12, P50, Q18, Q57 

COFAS ELENA

posted Jan 15, 2019, 3:54 AM by WEB MASTER

APPLYING THE MARKETING MIX TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE BARLEY MARKET IN THE EUROPEAN CONTEXT                                                                 
 
Abstract: Barley is a plant cultivated as an herbage plant, which has therapeutic qualities, being relatively well represented in all the Romanian culture areas where it finds appropriate culture conditions. The fact that there are autumn and spring forms may be the reason why this species occupies an important place in the farmer’s crop decision, especially when the market offers a price and a guarantee of purchase since the establishment of crops. Occupying almost 5% of the arable land (about 440.4 thousand ha of barley versus 9.3 million hectares of arable land), barley is associated with wheat in cereal-based farms because it does not have any particular fundamental technological requirements. Because of the attractive price, barley can successfully replace wheat. The specific development of marketing activity in agricultural holdings requires changing the way the cereal market is analyzed, from the traditional approach - by analyzing market demand and supply - to a modern approach - by analyzing the marketing mix. This research aimed at analyzing the barley culture market through the mix of marketing, which led to the analysis of all the characteristic elements (product, price, placement, promotion) - practically an analysis both in terms of cultivated surfaces, production and price of culture barley, and marketing tools whose implementation determines the evolution of products and market prices. The results of the research of the marketing mix elements on the barley market and its products have shown positive aspects of the development of this market, as the economic importance of barley crops is lower compared to wheat, corn, rice or rye. 
 
Keywords: barley, analyze, market, price, marketing mix 
 
JEL Classification:  O12, P50, Q18, Q57 

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