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Section 1

CONCEPTS, EVALUATIONS AND VISIONS ON THE DYNAMICS OF RURAL SOCIO-ECONOMY

1

MERCE Emilian, DRĂGHICI Manea, BERCA Mihai, MERCE Cristian, NECULA Raluca-Alexandra

Method and program for autocorrelation distribution on influence factors

2

GAVRILESCU Camelia

The Romanian agri-food trade - In a permanent deficit? – An analysis of the last two decades

3

TOMA Camelia, GAVRILESCU Camelia

The impact of new tax policies in semi-subsistence agriculture in the period 2013-2017

4

LUP Aurel

The parliamentary inquiry into the state of land reclamation works in Romania, 2009

5

BACIU Ionuţ Cristian, IFTIMOAEI Ciprian Constantin

Statistical analysis of the socio-demographic and economic characteristics of rural areas in Romania after EU accession

6

BULARCA (OLARU) Elena, TOMA Elena

An overview of Romanian agricultural indicators in the last years

7

RODINO Steliana

Bioeconomy concept- challenges and perspectives for agriculture

8

BUCUR Sorinel Ionel

Land resources – structural evolutions and gaps at the level of Sud-Muntenia Region in the post-accession period

9

CHIȚEA Lorena, DONA Ion

Modernization and socio-economic development of the Romanian rural area – 1995-2016 evolution

10

KRUZSLICIKA Mihaela

The effects of the accession to the European Union on the evolution of Romania’s cereal sector

11

RUSU Marioara

Taking a closer look at rural education

MARIOARA RUSU

posted Jan 14, 2019, 11:54 PM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Jan 14, 2019, 11:54 PM ]

TAKING A CLOSER LOOK AT RURAL EDUCATION

Abstract: In a globalized, knowledge-based economy, education and training is of great importance for increasing economic and social progress: an adequately trained workforce can face competition in terms of productivity, quality and innovation. According to Eurostat, Romania allocates less money to education than most European Union countries. These allocations reflect the low level of attention paid to the education and training system. This paper analyses the situation and trends that have been registered in the Romanian education system in the EU’s postaccession period. The set of indicators has been selected to cover both education levels and the types of predominantly rural, intermediate and predominantly urban regions. The following dimensions were considered: participation in education, the human and material resources involved and, where possible, the results. 
 
Key words: education, rural regions, Romania 
  
JEL Classification: I21, I29, R10 

MIHAELA KRUZSLICIKA

posted Jan 14, 2019, 11:53 PM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Jan 14, 2019, 11:55 PM ]

THE EFFECTS OF THE ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION ON THE EVOLUTION OF ROMANIA’S CEREAL SECTOR 

Abstract: The paper intends to examine the effects of the accession to the European Union on Romania`s cereal sector, in the period 2007-2016,  in terms of evolution of areas cultivated with wheat and maize,  production in volume and value terms, consumption and self-sufficiency, exports and imports, as well as the evolution of prices. The results reveal that unlike other sectors, the accession has steadily contributed to Romania`s cereal sector revigoration. Although yields in Romania are still substantially below those of the major European cereal producing countries, a steady growth trend can be noticed after 2007, due to the European funds that have allowed easier access to technological resources on the community market, and to a tendency for land consolidation, these advanced technologies being used more efficiently. The self-sufficiency degree has been reached and the trend is increasing, as it can be seen from the trade balance for cereals. 
 
Keywords: production, prices, productivity, cereals, consumption, trade, Romania. 
 
JEL Classification: Q01, Q10, Q12, Q13. 

LORENA FLORENTINA CHIŢEA , ION DONA

posted Jan 14, 2019, 11:51 PM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Jan 14, 2019, 11:51 PM ]

MODERNIZATION AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE ROMANIAN RURAL AREA – 1995-2016 EVOLUTION 

Abstract: The present paper intends to establish a reciprocity relationship between the modernization and development level of the rural space, as main modernization-development point of the rural household. On the basis of the interdependence relation between rural area modernization and development, the paper aims to establish a typology of the modernization-development potential of rural areas from the socio-economic point of view, starting from the premise that there are significant differences between the rural areas. The starting point in establishing this reciprocity is the development of a theoretical model for the evaluation of the socio-economic modernization and development level of the rural space in terms of the modernization-development potential of the countryside. Having in view the concerns for a balanced economic and social development in the recent period as well as the multidimensional character of rural development, we have opted for a set of relevant indicators to reveal the socio-economic development level (in terms of economic performance and living standard) in the rural area across counties. In the paper, each social and economic indicator will be approached to reveal the gap between counties, and finally a hierarchy of counties according to the composite indicators will be established to capture the socio-economic modernization and development level of rural areas, as well as the interdependency between these two phenomena. The entire analysis will be made from the point of view of the main actor: the rural household.   
 
Key words: rural area, rural household, sustainable development  
 
JEL Classification: R20, Q 01, O2 

BUCUR SORINEL IONEL

posted Jan 14, 2019, 11:50 PM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Jan 14, 2019, 11:50 PM ]

LAND RESOURCES – STRUCTURAL EVOLUTIONS AND GAPS AT THE LEVEL OF SUD-MUNTENIA REGION IN THE POST-ACCESSION PERIOD 

Abstract: Among the essential resources of a particular area, the land resources have an important role in the economy, due to their economic importance at local level, in terms of its capitalization, and on the other hand, from ecological perspective, i.e. in terms of environment quality and of ensuring the necessary habitat for various animal species. Without making a clear-cut difference between the two dimensions, i.e. economic and ecological, the present approach aims at making an X-ray of the stock of land resources in the third development region of Romania, namely the Sud-Muntenia region. Consisting of seven counties with different demographic, economic and social characteristics, the region Sud-Muntenia is characterized by divergent evolutions of the stock of land resources, both at inter-county and intra-county level, with direct impact upon the local durability and sustainability and in reducing the gaps between Romania and the EU average.  
 
Key words: land resources, gaps, regional dimension. 
 
JEL Classification: Q2, Q20, O23.  

STELIANA RODINO

posted Jan 14, 2019, 11:46 PM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Jan 14, 2019, 11:46 PM ]

BIOECONOMY CONCEPT- CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES FOR AGRICULTURE  

Abstract: This paper aims to broadly develop the concept of bioeconomy from the perspective of agricultural producers, presenting an analysis of the current challenges as well as the future trends in this field. In the coming period, the world economy is moving towards increased competition for limited natural resources or a low rate of regeneration. Globally, it has been estimated that a 70% increase in food supply is needed to meet the needs of a population of around 9 billion by 2050. As a consequence, agricultural producers are encouraged and forced to increase productivity, which may have different meanings, depending on the way of interpretation. Therefore, it is considered necessary to initially address the sustainable use of resources by defining the responsible bio-economy concept. Modern farmers are not only agricultural producers but also quality food suppliers and ecosystem managers. From a practical point of view, the concept of multifunctional agriculture has already been incorporated into business models and rural development strategies, thus enhancing the quality of life in rural areas. Moreover, the implementation of this development system has allowed farmers to maintain a fair share of the added value of production, thus contributing to the diversification of the rural economy. 
 
Keywords: Bioeconomy, multifunctional agriculture, European strategy 
 
JEL Classification: P48, Q01, Q16 

BULARCA (OLARU) ELENA, TOMA ELENA

posted Jan 14, 2019, 11:44 PM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Jan 14, 2019, 11:44 PM ]

Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to present and analyze a number of technical and economic indicators of Romanian agriculture during 2005-2016. The main indicators monitored are the land fund development, area and crop production, livestock and livestock production, number of agricultural holdings, economic accounts and prices in agriculture and agro-environmental indicators. It was found that over time in Romanian agriculture were produced important changes both in terms of quantity and quality, both in crop farming and in livestock. Common Agricultural Policy attempts to provide a reasonable level of living of farmers and residents of countries default and especially for this reason, through the indicators analyzed, this study aims to provide a broad picture of progress or regress in Romanian agriculture in lately. The best perspective on agriculture is provided by economic accounts because they provide information about the composition and structure of agricultural production, the income received by farmers, the relationships between prices and inputs, the value of the standard output production, intermediate consumption, gross value added and subsidies practically with the help of these indicators is carried out an analysis of the economic efficiency of agriculture.   

Keywords: economic indicators, agriculture, efficiency. 
 
JEL classification: Q11, Q12, Q17, O11, O13.

CIPRIAN IFTIMOAEI , IONUŢ CRISTIAN BACIU

posted Jan 14, 2019, 11:43 PM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Jan 14, 2019, 11:43 PM ]

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC AND  ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF RURAL AREAS IN ROMANIA AFTER EU ACCESSION

Abstract: Today's socio-economic development leads to a dilution of the "border" between rural and urban areas, especially if we look at economically developed economies, members of the OECD and/or the most powerful economies in the world united in the G7. Technology and computerization of agriculture and related industries, urban-like living spaces, reducing disparities in quality of life between urban and urban have generated a lot of controversy around the concept of "rural space". In Romania, more than half of the population lives in rural areas above the EU average. The contribution of agriculture to GDP formation is only 4%, while the employed population in this sector is 25%. Romanian agriculture remains predominantly subsistence and large agricultural holdings administer the majority of agricultural land. External migration and migration to the urban environment have led to an aging population in rural areas. Rural areas well connected to utilities and transport infrastructure has a much greater chance of economic development. The proximity of rural settlements with large urban agglomerations is also an extra chance for rural development. Statistical analysis of the socio-demographic and economic characteristics of the Romanian rural area after the accession to the EU (2007-2017), based on the data provided by the National Institute of Statistics and EUROSTAT, complemented by a SWOT analysis will highlight recent trends and prospects on short-term rural development from a human resource perspective. 
 
Keywords: statistical analysis, rural space, rural development, agriculture 
 
JEL Classification: C10

AUREL LUP

posted Jan 14, 2019, 11:40 PM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Jan 14, 2019, 11:40 PM ]

THE PARLIAMENTARY INQUIRY INTO THE STATE  OF LAND RECLAMATION WORKS IN ROMANIA, 2009

Abstract: Between June 24 and September 13, 2009 the Agriculture Commission of the Romanian Parliament conducted an inquiry into the state of land reclamation works in Romania. The main objectives were: rehabilitation and maintenance works, the exploitation of the works, the way in which the financial resources were used for their maintenance and exploitation, the measures taken to urge irrigations, the losses and costs of watering delays, other problems. From the conclusions of the inquiry we notice: the state of the works is generally unsatisfactory in all aspects. Maintenance works are incomplete either due to the lack of financial resources, or due to a low interest on the part of the user, or pure and simple some irrigation works in some areas have proven to be technically and economically unviable. Among the causes of not realizing the irrigation programs we tackle: the disappearance of large-scale agricultural holdings corresponding to the irrigation systems’ constructive schemes, the lack of watering equipment, increasing water fees, the discrepancy between the rehabilitated areas and the establishment of beneficiary irrigation organizations and even the non-observance of the contracts between the water supplier (the state) and the agricultural users. There has been much criticism of the frequent reorganizations and especially of the 138/2004 Law, which separated the administration from the part that had as its object the maintenance and rehabilitation and construction works. In addition, the paper also contains some data on previous analyses and research results of this paper’s author. 
 
Key words: inquiry, land reclamation, irrigations, laws. 
 
JEL Classification: Q 15, Q 25, Q 38 

TOMA CAMELIA, GAVRILESCU CAMELIA

posted Jan 14, 2019, 11:38 PM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Jan 14, 2019, 11:38 PM ]

THE IMPACT OF NEW TAX POLICIES  IN SEMI-SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE IN THE PERIOD 2013-2017

Summary: The paper aimed to estimate the effects of the 2013 new fiscal policy, by broadening the taxation basis of agricultural incomes on almost all types of crops and animal species as well as on small farmers represented by unauthorized and authorized natural persons. Public statistical data of the Ministry of Finance, NAFA (National Agency for Fiscal Administration) and National Institute for Statistics were used, taking into account the specific taxation methodologies and the current legislation, as well as the results of academic research studies and agrarian economy research. The analysis showed that the agricultural income norms, calculated as regional averages and which are flat baseamounts for tax and health insurance contribution calculation, have a decreasing trend due both to the increasing expenditures for agricultural inputs and the decreasing prices of agricultural products. The collection of taxes and health-related contributions based on agricultural income norms has decreased, but one can notice that tax revenues collected for the State Budget from the taxation of rental income increased almost three times during the analyzed period. The increased appetence for agricultural land lease can be attributed on one hand to a lower tax burden than in case of taxing farm incomes of individual exploitation, but on the another hand  to the migration phenomenon of  young rural labor to Western Europe, while at home only the aging workforce remained, which is forced by the circumstances to lease the arable land. 
 
Key words: income norms, rental incomes, tax, health insurance contribution, state budget 
 
JEL Classification: H 20, H 25, H 30, H 31, Q 14 

GAVRILESCU Camelia

posted Jan 14, 2019, 4:38 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Jan 14, 2019, 4:38 AM ]

The Romanian agri-food trade - In a permanent deficit? – An analysis of the last two decades

Abstract: Over the last three decades, the Romanian agri-food trade has shown a permanent deficit, starting with 1990 (since the resumption of imports) and until now, except for two years only. The paper analyses the evolution of the agri-food trade deficit in the main periods (transition, pre-accession, post-accession), its structure by geographical orientation and product groups, as well as the main influencing factors. The results highlight the product groups that have been the main contributors to the deficit all along these years and have remained over time the main import commodities (sugar, meat, vegetables, fruits), those that have passed from negative to positive balance (poultry meat, eggs), as well as those with permanent positive balance (cereals, oilseeds). The changes in the geographical directions of the trade flows through the penetration of new markets and the massive increase in exports have contributed significantly to the reduction of the deficit, but the unfavorable structure of exports (with an important share of lowprocessed products) relative to imports largely results in maintaining the agri-food trade deficit. 
 
Key words: agri-food trade deficit, Romania, competitiveness, processed products 
 
JEL classification: F14, Q17


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