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Papers 2012

ABDUL RAHMAN IBRAHIM

posted Dec 3, 2012, 3:41 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 3, 2012, 3:41 AM ]

AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE SCHEMES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL ECONOMY

Summary
In the last decades, agricultural production became more and more expensive. Nevertheless, there are a lot of risks that affect agricultural production and agricultural producers’ income. This income instability determines many of them abandon their business. The paper will approach the agricultural risk management from the perspective of agricultural insurances, with a general presentation at EU level, and a special focus on the situation of Romania and Turkey. There will be analyzed the factors which contribute to the development agricultural insurances, as well as the effect of the later on the development of the agriculture sector in each country. The aim of the paper is to improve the understanding of the importance of the agricultural insurance schemes as a risk management tool and of its role in increasing the agricultural production in Romania, given that the rural area in this country is subject to many climatic risks which affect its stability. An important input of the paper will be the good practice of Turkey in this field. General conclusions and considerations will close the whole paper. The author will use different information sources from European and national level, such as reports, country fact sheets, etc…
Keywords: agriculture insurance, rural area, risk management

ANDREI JEAN, DUSMANESCU DOREL

posted Dec 3, 2012, 3:40 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 3, 2012, 3:40 AM ]

SOME POSSIBLE EFFECTS OF COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY (CAP) ON ROMANIAN AGRICULTURE DURINGTHE 2014-2020 FINANCIAL PERSPECTIVE.HOW MUCH DOES THE PARADIGM REALLY CHANGE?

Abstract
Common Agricultural Policy has a major impact on the Romanian agricultural sector, being one of the most important European policies affecting such an important part of the economy and population, and now it is passes through a new reform. Reconsidering the perspective of Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) during the next financial framework 2014-2020, will impose new conditions, both in the European agricultural sector reform and to the Romanian one as well, including adaptation to the new realities imposed by the CAP philosophy. The paper presents a short analysis regarding the possible effects on the Romanian agriculture in the perspective of the new CAP reforms, taking into account two main aspects: reform of direct payments system and the greening measures adopted for 1st CAP Pillar.
Key words: agriculture, budget, CAP reform, greening, direct payments

ANTOHI VALENTIN MARIAN, MOGA LILIANA MIHAELA

posted Dec 3, 2012, 3:39 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 3, 2012, 3:39 AM ]

THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPACT OF EUROPEAN FUNDS IN THE ROMANIAN AGRICULTURE

Abstract:
This paper aims to identify and analyze the stages undergone by the Romanian agriculture, within the context of integration in the European Union, and the transformation that occurred in the aftermath of accession. On this line, the social and economic effects of agriculture integration and the direction of the Romanian agriculture development have been forecasted through a research conducted at the rural area level of the North East Development Region. The research was based on data collected from the village book that includes reference to the village social and economic environment, on information gathered from the statistical surveys and county institutions, which were supplemented by the answers to a questionnaire designed for achieving social and economic surveys on drafting the rural development in the investigated area. The results allowed the synthesis of the main effects of integration in the European Union on agriculture, with reference to the research area. The profile of local rural development in the next period was shaped after forecasting the effects of initiatives for development projects to attract European funds.
Keywords: European funds, agriculture, economic effects, social effects, rural development

BAROK ELEONÓRA, ORBÁN ERZSÉBET

posted Dec 3, 2012, 3:37 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 3, 2012, 3:37 AM ]

THE POSSIBLE FOCAL POINTS OF SMALL REGIONS’S / HARGHITA COUNTY’S DEVELOPMENT IN THE 2014-2020’S EU BUDGET PERIOD

Summary
It is a known fact that EU founds absorption rate in Romania is very slow. We were curious about the situation of our region – Center Region – and it’s counties, and we wanted to see what are the main differences between the region’s counties. We used information from official statistical sites, websites of local authorities, press releases and we also based on own experience. Analyzing the situation, development plans and SWOT results of the counties, we realized that according to infrastructure differences our county in the near future will not be as good performer like Brasov, Sibiu and Mures, so we further focused on similarities. The most important common characteristic of all these counties is the loyalty for land, for culture, for local products. Almost every settlement has something special (pie, sausages, dairy, manufacture products), and the demand for slow- and healthy food is growing. So we have to fructify this like strength, and offer the tourists something special, a piece of our region, our culture, and our rural life. We also have to pay attention of our recognized potato plantations, and exploit the possibilities for livestock-breeding. The main sectors which still need to be developed are the infrastructure, agriculture, tourism and the competitiveness of the companies. All these with the help of educated human resources. So in the next budget period we have to focus to these sectors and pay attention for not only apply for resources just for attracting founds, but to have sustainable projects that will ensure a sustainable development both for individuals, companies and local authorities.
Key words: EU founds, sustainability, local products, agriculture, tourism

BEREVOIANU ROZI LILIANA, VLAD MIHAELA CRISTINA

posted Dec 3, 2012, 3:36 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 3, 2012, 3:36 AM ]

RESEARCH ON THE PRODUCTION POTENTIAL ACCORDING TO ECONOMIC SIZE OF FARMS IN THE SOUTH COUNTRY

Summary
Analysis of overall farms in South Development Region highlights from the outset correlation between territorial dimension and the economic dimension and state farms in the area. Economic size reflects the size of a farm production and increases its level at each holding analyzed. The analysis extends to the correlation between the area under cultivation, total production and average yields per hectare, technical equipment and synthetic indicators resulting from the analysis of the main data processing. These synthetic indicators reflect the economic and financial results, highlighting the link between size and economic performance of farms analyzed in South Development Region of Romania.
Keywords: unit of economic size, synthetic indicators, economic efficiency, farms

BEREVOIANU ROZI LILIANA, VLAD MIHAELA CRISTINA

posted Dec 3, 2012, 3:35 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 3, 2012, 3:35 AM ]

SIZE ECONOMIC AND TECHNICAL GUIDANCE FROM THE FARM ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOUTH REGION FOR ECONOMIC CLASS SIZE X. CASE STUDIES

Summary
One of the most important structural problems of the agricultural sector is the formation of economic size of an agricultural holding. Even if they have their own specialized production structure within the agricultural unit size of branches and activities are established in shaping the economic dimension, which requires knowledge of economic indicators of production and their influence on the results effectively. Economic size of a farm is given by the optimal combination of inputs for each product and the minimum production costs which could achieve the highest profit.
Keywords: economic dimension, structure of production, technical and economic indicators, economic efficiency

BUHOCIU FLORIN MARIAN, BUHOCIU DRAGOS HORIA

posted Dec 3, 2012, 3:34 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 3, 2012, 3:34 AM ]


BURGHELEA LIVIU

posted Dec 3, 2012, 3:29 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 3, 2012, 3:29 AM ]

DEVELOPMENT OF THE VRANCEA VILLAGE IN THE CONTEXT OF EUROPEAN UNION

Abstract 
Rural areas had represented for Romania cradle of civilization and prosperity, the convergence place for social, cultural and economic activities with complex implications on the Romanian reality. Tifesti commune, located in the Northeast of the Vrancea County will depend in the near future on the European funds for the development of agricultural activities, non-agricultural, services, the tourism potential developing of the area by promoting activities in winery.
Key words: rural area, social convergence, European funds, Vrancea County

CHETROIU RODICA, IURCHEVICI LIDIA

posted Dec 3, 2012, 3:28 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 3, 2012, 3:28 AM ]

STANDARD GROSS MARGIN FOR POULTRY

Abstract
The standard gross margin (SGM) is the difference between the gross product (GP) of a product and the direct proportional expenditures (DPE). The standard gross margin shall be calculated on one activity unit: surface (1 ha) or per head:
SGM = GP - DPE
The standard gross product at poultry is calculated per kg of meat and per 1000 eggs and includes the total output value plus the supplied subsidy. Direct proportional expenditures (DPE) are expenditures that vary directly with the changes in the size of agricultural production (biological material expenditures, feeding stuffs, energy, medicine, insurance and other material expenditures). Are called variable expenditures. Fixed production expenditures such as machinery, buildings (their amortization), permanent labor expenditures, rents or variable costs such as fuel and lubricants, equipment and machinery maintenance and works contracted with third parties are not included in costs for calculation of standard gross margin SGM. The standard gross margin for poultry was calculated for an average daily gain of 45 g at broiler chickens and for an average annual output of 260 eggs / head, to laying hens. The study results show that, in relation with the variable expenditures level, is realized an economic efficiency of the activity performed, which leads to a positive and bigger standard gross margins.
Keywords: standard gross margin, poultry, gross product, direct expenditures

CHETROIU RODICA

posted Dec 3, 2012, 3:27 AM by WEB MASTER   [ updated Dec 3, 2012, 3:27 AM ]

TECHNICAL ECONOMICAL EFFECTS OF THE MEASURES ON THE PIGS WELFARE AND PROTECTION

Abstract
The term of animal welfare was chosen to describe the animal life quality. It is derived from the English language. This notion includes health, productive comfort and also involves the animal protection. The Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare, issued by the World Society for Animals Protection, defines welfare as: Degree in which the animal physical, behavioural and psychological requirements are met. As a member state, Romania has implemented EU legislation on the animal welfare and protection, including farm animals. There are seven measures to ensure the minimum standards concerning animal welfare on farms and they include: flooring, lighting, fights prevention, potable water, microclimate, dry bedding, health. Increasing the number of farms in which are applied superior measures in comparison with the mandatory technological measures and improving the welfare of pigs leads to improving the environment and the rural space. The animal welfare superior standards often involve additional costs and therefore the state provides some tools to compensate producers for higher production costs for: increasing by at least 10% of available space allocated to each animal, ensuring at least 11 hours / day artificial light with a value of 50 lux of lighting, improving pig welfare conditions during transport, correction the nitrites and nitrates level in the water, reducing pollutants by 30% in comparison with the mandatory minimum level, by maintaining optimal microclimate parameters limits, improving the rest area.
Keywords: welfare, pigs, holding, protection, microclimate.

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